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wkc‡eªwKs I cwi‡ek `~lY

Ship yardRvnvRfv½v Kg©KvÊ cwÎKvi wk‡ivbvg n‡q‡Q wewfbœ mg‡q wewfbœfv‡e| KLbI wk‡íi mnvbyf‚wZ‡Z mvsevw`K ev Kjvwgó Kjg a‡i‡Qb Gi ¯^c‡¶ Avevi KLbI G‡K cwi‡ek, cÖwZ‡ek, Rxe‰ewPÎ aŸsmKvix Kvh©µg wn‡m‡e `uvo Kiv‡bv n‡q‡Q|

evsjv‡`‡ki RvnvRfv½v Kg©Kv‡Ê RwoZ gvwjK †kªYx AwaK gybvdvi Avkvq mbvZb wewPs c×wZi (Beaching method) gva¨‡gi RvnvRfv½v Kvh©µg Pvwj‡q hv‡”Qb, hv gvivZ¡K cwi‡ek `~lYKvix e‡j we‡ewPZ n‡Z cv‡i| wewfbœ c×wZi g‡a¨ nvB‡UK KvwUs †g_W‡K cwi‡ek evÜe (Eco-friendlly) Ges Kg e¨qmva¨ e‡j we‡ePbv Kiv n‡q‡Q71| cwi‡ek webóKvix KwVb, Zij I M¨vmxq GB wZb ai‡Yi eR©¨ c`v_©B Rvnv‡R we`¨gvb _v‡K| RvnvRfv½vi †Kvb AvBbMZ w`K wb‡`©kbv (Guidelines) ev RvnvRfv½vi cwiKíbv (scrapping plan) bv _vKvq Dc‡iv³ wZb RvZxq e‡R©¨i cwigvYMZ w`K (Quantitative Assesment) hvPvB Kiv `~in e¨vcvi| Z‡e ¸YMZ gvb hvPvB Kiv m¤¢e|

wk‡íi weKv‡ki d‡j DcK‚jxq GjvKvi cvwb `~l‡Yi Kvi‡Y gv‡Qi cÖvc¨Zv `ª“Z K‡g hv‡”Q| gv‡Qi cÖvc¨Zvi Dci wbf©i †R‡j m¤cÖ`v‡qi †eu‡P _vKv GLb KwVb n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q| M‡elYc‡Î cwi‡ek `~l‡Yi d‡j grm¨ m¤ú‡`i n«vm cvIqv I †R‡j m¤cÖ`v‡qi Dci Gi cÖfve wbiƒc‡Yi gva¨‡g cwi‡ekMZ msK‡Ui welqwU my›`ifv‡e dzwU‡q †Zvjv n‡q‡Q|
wewfbœ ivmvqwbK c`v_© cwi‡e‡k wewfbœfv‡e we`¨gvb i‡q‡Q| c`v_©¸‡jv cÖvYx I Dw™¢` A_©vr RxeK‚‡ji Rxeb cÖevn cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ GKwU wbw`©ó gvÎv (
level) ch©š— cÖ‡qvRbxq| ZvB cwi‡e‡ki ivmvqwbK c`v_©¸‡jv‡K ¶wZKi (toxic) wn‡m‡e e¨vL¨v †`qv hyw³hy³ bq| Ggb wK ¶wZKi Av‡m©wbK, †jW Ges K¨vWwgqvg GKwU wbw`©ó gvÎv ch©š— cÖvYxi kix‡i cÖ‡qvRb i‡q‡Q| hLb Gme ivmvqwbK c`v_©mg~n Zvi wbw`©ó cwi‡ekxq gvÎv AwZµg K‡i ZLbB Zv‡`i‡K ¶wZKi c`v_© wn‡m‡e wPwýZ Kiv nq|

wb‡P RvnvRfv½v wk‡í we`¨gvb ¶wZKi (toxic) c`v‡_©i cÖfve D‡jøL Kiv n‡jvt

K¨vWwgqvg
wewfbœ Drm †_‡K K¨vWwgqvg evZvm I cvwb‡Z Rgv nq Ges ˆRe mÂvq‡bi (Bio– Magnification) Øviv Lv`¨P‡µi gva¨‡g RjR cÖvYxi kixi †_‡K cieZx©‡Z gvby‡li kix‡i cÖ‡ek K‡i| K¨vWwgqvg RjR cÖvYxi kix‡i Gi cÖ‡qvRbxq gvÎvi †P‡q †ekx Rgv n‡j Zv‡`i e„w× weK…Z nIqvi cvkvcvwk g„Zz¨i KviYI nq| ZvB gvby‡li kix‡i D”P i³-Pvc, wKWbx bó, i‡³i wn‡gv‡M-vweb aŸsm Ges cwi‡k‡l gvby‡li g„Zy¨ nq| GQvovI K¨vWwgqvg Gi cÖwZwµqvq gvby‡li nvo `~e©j I f½yi n‡q hvq| Rvcv‡b ARvbv †ivM ÔÔBUvB BUvBÕÕ Avµvš— n‡q nvRvi nvRvi †jvK ¶wZMÖ¯’ n‡qwQ‡jv I gviv wM‡qwQj| cieZx©‡Z cix¶vq cÖgvwYZ n‡qwQj ÔÔBUvB BUvBÕÕ †ivM K¨vWwgqvg `~l‡Yi d‡j m„wó n‡q‡Q|

†jW
†jWhy³ †c‡Uªvwjqvg I M¨v‡mvwjb e¨env‡ii d‡j †jW evZv‡m wg‡k hvq GesGK ch©v‡q fvix n‡q cvwb‡Z †b‡g Av‡m Ges Rgv nq| †jW evZv‡m _vKvKvjxb mg‡q k¦vm cÖk¦v‡mi mv‡_ Ges cvwb‡Z _vKvKvjxb mg‡q Ab¨vb¨ Dcv`v‡bi gZ ˆRe mÂvq‡bi Øviv Lv`¨ P‡µi gva¨‡g gvbylmn Lv`¨P‡µi Dcwi¯—‡i (
Higher topic level) cÖvYxi kix‡i Rgv nq| 

†jW cvwb‡Z cÖv_wgK Drcv`K (Primary Producer) dvB‡UvcøvsUb Gi Drcv`b n«vm K‡i| KuvKov RvZxq cÖvYxi 哇Yi e„wׇZ evav cÖ`vb K‡i GgbwK 哇bi g„Zy¨i KviYI nq| gvwU©b Ges Zvi mn‡hvMx weÁvbxiv 1981 mv‡j GK ch©‡e¶‡Yi gva¨‡g †`wL‡q‡Qb 100 gvB‡µvMÖvg/wjUvi cwb‡Z Grammarus 10 custa bvgK KuvKov 18 w`‡b 100% gviv hvq| gvQ cvwLmn Ab¨vb¨ RjR cÖvYxi kix‡iI †j‡Wi gvivZ¥K ¶wZKi cÖfve j¶Y Kiv †M‡Q|

gvby‡li kix‡i wkkv i‡³i wn‡gv‡M-vweb‡K aŸsm K‡i d‡j i³ k~b¨Zv †`Lv †`q| †jW i‡³ Aw·‡Rb Ges M-y‡KvR Gi mÂvj‡b euvav n‡q `uvovq d‡jkixi cÖ‡qvRbxq kw³ Drcv`b Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| i‡³ 0.5-0.8 wc.wc.Gm gvÎvq †jW wKWbx AKvh©Ki, mœvqyweK ˆeKvj¨ I †eªBb W¨v‡gR K‡i _v‡K|

gvK©vix
Ab¨vb¨ Avi `kUv KviLvbvi gZ Rvcv‡bi wgbvgvZv †KwgK¨vj †Kv¤úvbx I Zv‡`i gvK©vix wgwkªZ Zij eR¨© mvM‡i AcmviY Ki‡Zv| mvM‡ii gvQ Lv`¨P‡µi gva¨‡g gvK©vix Zv‡`i kix‡i Rgv Ki‡Z ïi“ K‡i Ges D³ welv³ gvQ †L‡q 100 MÖvgevmx †R‡j gviv hvq Ges nvRvi nvRvi MÖvgevmx weKjv½ n‡q †eu‡P _v‡K| 1953 - 1960 mvj ch©š— Rvcv‡b H ARvbv †iv‡Mi bvg †`qv n‡qwQj wgbvgvZv †ivM| GQvovI 50 Rb wkï weKjv½ n‡q R‡b¥wQj hv‡`i gv‡qiv H welv³ gvQ †L‡qwQj| wgbvgvZv †iv‡Mi m~Î a‡i H mvM‡ii gvQ cix¶v K‡i gv‡Qi kix‡i 27-102 wc. wc. Gm gvK©vix cvIqv wM‡qwQj| GUvB wQj gvK©vix `~l‡Yi cÖ_g ev¯—e AwfÁZv| Gici 1972 mv‡j Biv‡K gvK©vix wgwkªZ KxUbvkK Mg †¶‡Z e¨envi Ges D³ Mg †L‡q 450 Rb MÖvgevmxi g„Zy¨ weÁvbxmn mKj gn‡ji UbK bvwo‡q †`q| gvK©vix AwZgvÎv gvby‡li kix‡ii †m›Uªvj bvf©vm wm‡÷g aŸsm Kivi cvkvcvwk †Kv‡li †µv‡gv‡Rvg‡K †fu‡½ †d‡j|

AM©v‡bwUb
i‡Oi g‡a¨ Gw›U dvDwjs G‡R›U wn‡m‡e wewfbœ ai‡Yi KxUbvkK e¨envi Kiv nq Gi g‡a¨ AM©v‡bvwUb (MBT, DBT & TBT) Ab¨Zg| GB wUb RvZ Dcv`vbmg~‡ni g‡a¨ Avevi wUwewU RjR cÖvYxi Rb¨ me‡P‡q †ewk ¶wZKi| GQvovI wUwewU gvby‡li †ngv‡UvjRxK¨vj c¨vivwgUvimg~‡ni Dci gvivZ¥K wµqv K‡i we‡kl K‡i wjdmvBU‡K aŸsm K‡i †`q| wUwewUi †bv‡jvwRK¨vj cÖfveI eZ©gv‡b wek¦e¨vcx cixw¶Z|

A¨vm‡e÷m

Ship yardRvnv‡R Zvc‡ivaK wn‡m‡e e¨envi Kiv nq A¨vm‡e÷m (Asbestos)| evsjv‡`‡k
†h RvnvRfv½v nq †m¸‡jv‡Z A¨vm‡e÷m _v‡K| A¨vm‡e÷m wewfbœ ai‡Yin‡Z cv‡i †hgb-µzwm‡WvjvBU, G‡gvmvBU, µvB‡mvjvBU, dvBeªvm-GKwU‡bvjBU, d«vBeªvm †_ª‡gvjvBU BZ¨vw`|

wewfbœ ai‡Yi A¨vm†e÷m (RvnvRfv½v wkí GjvKvq cÖvß)

evsjv‡`‡k RvnvRfv½v wkí GjvKv n‡Z A¨vm‡e÷m msMÖn K‡i ¸‡ouv K‡i cyYivq evRviRvZ Kiv nq| D‡j-L¨ evsjv‡`‡k A¨vm‡e÷‡mi ˆZix wewfbœ mvgMÖx e¨eüZ n‡”Q| N‡ii Qv‡` I †fw›U‡jU‡i A¨vm‡e÷m kx‡Ui e¨envi RbwcÖq n‡”Q| RvnvRfv½v GjvKvq A¨vm‡e÷m fv½uv nq| fv½vui mgq †QvU †QvU Avuk evZv‡m wg‡k hvq| cvwb‡Z †Kvb cÖwZwµqv bv †`Lv‡jI GUv fv½vui mvgq ¶z`ª ¶z`ª Avuk (Air born fibre) AvKv‡i evZv‡m †f‡m †eovq Ges k¦vm cÖk¦v‡mi mv‡_ dzmdz‡m cÖ‡ek K‡i| AwZgvÎvq A¨vm‡e÷m MÖn‡Yi (Inhaling) d‡j k¦vm Kó, A¨vRgvmn dzmdz‡mi bvbvwea †ivM m„wó K‡i| GgbwK dzmdz‡m K¨vÝvi nq e‡j cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q| d‡j DbœZ we‡k¦ eZ©gv‡b A¨vm‡e÷‡mi e¨envi wbwl× Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges cyivZb A¨vm‡e÷m AZ¨vwaK mZK©Zvi mv‡_ mwi‡q wbivc‡` aŸsm Kiv n‡”Q71 H|
gZvš—‡i A¨vm‡e÷‡mi †h †Kvb gvÎvB Rxe‡bi Rb¨ ¶wZKi n‡Z cv‡i| ÔNvZK e¨vwai bvqKÕ wn‡m‡e Gi `~b©vg i‡q‡Q| A¨vm‡e÷m †_‡K K¨vÝvi n‡Z cv‡i Ges A¨vm‡e÷m wb‡q hviv KvR K‡i Zv‡`i dzmdz‡mi K¨vÝv‡ii AvksKv Ab¨‡`i †P‡q 50 ¸Y †ekx|

†c‡Uªvwjqvg nvB‡WªvKve©b ev †Zj

Ship yardˆZ‡ji Av¯—iY evqy Ges mgy‡`ªi g‡a¨ Aw·‡Rb I Kve©b-WvB-A·vB‡Wi wewbg‡q evuav n‡q `uvovq| evqy Ges mgy‡`ªi Dcwifv‡Mi cvwb ci¯úi msN‡l©i d‡j evqyi Aw·‡Rb cvwb‡Z `ªexf~Z nq| ˆZ‡ji Avei‡Yi Rb¨ evqyi Aw·‡Rb cvwb‡Z cÖ‡qvRb gZ wgk‡Z bv cvivq Aw·‡R‡bi Afv‡e H A‡ji RjPi cÖvYxi k¦vm-cÖk¦v‡m weNœ N‡U, GgbwK g„Zy¨i m¤§~Lxb n‡q c‡o| Avevi m~h©¨v‡jvK cvwb‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j cvwbi ZvcgvÎv K‡g hvq| Gi d‡j gvQ Zv‡`i Avevm¯’j Z¨vM Ki‡Z eva¨ nq|

meyR KwbKvevnx ¶z`ª Dw™¢` Kbv ev dvB‡Uvc-vsUb mgy‡`ªi cªv_wgK Drcv`K| Giv mgy‡`ªi Dcwifv‡M evm K‡i| mv‡jvK-ms‡k-l‡Yi gva¨‡g Giv Lv`¨ ˆZix K‡i hv cieZx©‡Z Ryc­vsKUb Ges D”PZi cÖvYxi Lv`¨ wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ nq| ZvQvov dvB‡Uvc­vsKUb mv‡jvK-ms‡k­l‡Yi mgq cÖPzi Kve©b-WvB-A·vBW MÖnY K‡i Ges Aw·‡Rb Z¨vM K‡i| Gfv‡e cwi‡e‡k Aw·‡Rb I Kve©b- WvB-A·vB‡Wi fvimvg¨ i¶v K‡i| m~h©v‡jv‡Ki Afv‡e dvB‡Uvc-vsKU‡bi Lv`¨ Drcv`b eÜ n‡q hvq| †h‡nZz c­vsKU‡bi †XD Ges †mªv‡Zi wei“‡× Pjvi ¶gZv †bB †m‡nZz Zv‡`i c‡¶ †Z‡ji Av¯—iY †_‡K m‡i Avmv m¤¢e nq bv| †hLv‡b †Z‡ji Av¯—ib Av‡Q †mLv‡b dvB‡Uvc-vsU‡bi Drcv`b eÜ nIqvqRycøvsKUbI gviv †h‡Z ïi“ K‡i| d‡j gvQmn mvgyw`ªK Rxe RM‡Zi Lv`¨P‡µ fvimvg¨ bó n‡q hvq| Gfv‡e DcK‚jxq grm¨ †¶Î aŸs‡mi m¤§~Lxb nq| ‡Zj `~l‡Yi d‡j me‡P‡q †ekx ¶wZMÖ¯’ nq RjPi cvwLiv| Z‡`i Mv‡q I cj‡K †Zj †j‡M †M‡j cvwb‡Z fvmvevi, muvZiv‡bvi Ges Dovi ¶gZv nvwi‡q cvwb‡ZWy‡e gviv hvq| †Zj `~l‡Yi d‡j ebvÂj we‡kl K‡i c¨viveb AÂj e¨vcK ¶wZi m¤§~Lxb n‡”Q| G Dw™¢‡`i cÖavb ˆewkó¨ n‡jv G‡`i wkKo gvwU †f` K‡i cvwbi mvaviY ¯—‡ii mvgvb¨ Dcwifv‡M Ae¯’vb K‡i| wkK‡oi gv_vq ˆZj wgwkªZ cvwb ev ˆZj Rwo‡q H g~‡ji ¯^vfvweK Kvh©µg eÜ K‡i †`q| Avevi wkK‡oi k¦mbt wµqvi Rb¨ wkKo †_‡K k¦vmg~j (Pneumatophore) †ei nq Zv †Z‡ji Av¯—i‡Y XvKv c‡o, G‡Z K‡i k¦vm MÖn‡Y weNœ NUvq| Mv‡Qi cvZv S‡o hvq, Ae‡k‡l Zv gviv hvq| A‡c¶vK…Z Kg eq‡mi MvQ hv‡`i wkKo I kvLv cjøe AcwiYZ †mme MvQ †ewk ¶wZMÖ¯’ nq|

e¨vjv÷ cvwb
†Zjevnx RvnvR †_‡K †Zj Lvjv‡mi ci Gi cvUvZ‡b, cv‡¤ú, b‡j GeswfZ‡ii †Zjav‡i wKQy cwigvY †Zj †_‡K hvq| Avjv`v e¨vjv÷ U¨vs‡Ki e¨e¯’v bv Kiv †M‡j RvnvR wbivc` e›`i Z¨v‡Mi Av‡MB Gme gqjv †Zjvavi cwi®‹vi Kivi K_v| c„w_exi AwaKvsk e›`‡i Rvnv‡Ri e¨vjvó cvwb †djvi wbqg †bB, wKš‘ evsjv‡`‡k Zv †djvi AbygwZ †`qv nq| GB e¨vjvó cvwb Ges †Zjvavi †avqv cvwb mivmwi mvMi R‡j †d‡j †`qvq mvMi `~wlZ n‡”Q| ivmvqwbKc`v_©evnx Rvnv‡Ri e¨vjvó cvwb I Avavi †avqv cvwb mvMi `~l‡Yi KviY n‡q `uvovq|

wejR cvwb
Rvnv‡Ri Zj‡`‡k cÖk¯—Zg As‡k (wejR) BwÄbNi I hš¿cvwZ †_‡K †Pvqv‡bv †Zj Rgv nq| Gi mv‡_ A‡bK mgq cvwb wg‡k| cwi®‹vi Kivi cÖwµqvq GBwejR-cvwb mvM‡i †d‡j †`qv nq| evsjv‡`‡k PÆMÖvg ev gsjv †Kvb e›`‡iB †Zj-cvwb wgkªY †_‡K †Zj cybi“×v‡ii †Kvb e¨e¯’v †bB| PÆMÖv‡g wejR-cvwbi evrmwiK cwigvb 2.4 wgwjqb M¨vjb| evwZjK…Z †Zjevnx Rvnv‡Ri Aewkó fvwi †Zj Ges Ab¨vb¨ Rvnv‡Ri BwÄbNi BZ¨vw`i †Zj RvnvRfv½v cÖwµqvq cvwb‡Z wM‡q c‡o| G †Zj mgy‡`ªi cvwb Zxeªfv‡e bó K‡i, wbKU¯’ ˆmKZI bó K‡i|

DØvq~ †hŠM I e¯‘KYv
evZvm `~wlZ n‡j Zvi cÖfv‡eI mgy`ª `~lY N‡U _v‡K; we‡klZ evZv‡mi DØvq~
†hŠM Ges e¯‘KYv evZvm †_‡K cvwb‡Z c‡o cvwb `~wlZ K‡i|
wec`vcbœZv kãwU gvby‡li Rxe‡b wewfbœ †bwZevPK NUbv NUvi m¤¢vebv Ges †mB †bwZevPK NUbvi mv‡_ gvby‡li Awf‡hvR‡bi ¶gZv‡K eywS‡q _v‡K|wec`vcbœZvi aiY, cÖKvi I e¨vw߇Z wewfbœZv Av‡Q| me iKg wec`vcbœZv Øviv †hgb †Rjvi me GjvKv Avµvš— nq bv, †Zgwb me †ckvi, me‡kªYxi gvbylI mgvbfv‡e wec`vcbœ nqbv| DcK‚jxq A‡ji gvby‡li wec`vcbœZvi Dci cwiPvwjZ GKwU M‡elYvq (wm.B.wR.AvB.Gm.2004) †`Lv hvq †h PÆMÖv‡gi gvbyl cÖvK…wZK Ges Av_©-mvgvwRK Kvi‡Y wec`vcbœ nq| †Zgwb mxZvKzÊ RvnvRfv½v Kg©Kv‡Êi wec`vcbœZv we‡k-l‡Y †`Lv hvq, G A‡ji K…lK Ges †R‡j m¤cÖ`v‡qi †ckvPz¨wZ‡Z Ges me©¯^ nvwi‡q K…lK I †R‡j m¤cÖ`v‡qiA‡b‡KB µ‡gB wbt¯^ n‡q‡Q weMZ 40 eQ‡i|

gv‡Qi cÖRvwZ n«vm ; wec`vcbœ m›Øxc P¨v‡bj

grm¨ m¤ú` evsjv‡`‡ki wRwWwci kZKiv 5 fv‡Mi g‡Zv Ges RvZxq ißvYx Av‡qi kZKiv 6 fv‡Mi g‡Zv †hvMvb †`q| mgy`ª `~l‡Yi Kvi‡Y †gvnbv GjvKvq Ges mvM‡i gv‡Qi cÖRbb †¶Î ¶wZMÖ¯’ nq| G‡Z gv‡Qi cwigvY K‡g hvq, ¸YMZ gvb ¶wZMÖ¯— nq| GQvov cvwbi ¸Y cwiewZ©Z n‡j cøv¼Ub wVKgZ Rb¥v‡Z cv‡i bv| gvQ †Zj hy³ cvwb MÖnY Ki‡j gv‡Qi kix‡ii Zš‘ `vMhy³ n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i Ges G cÖwµqv `xN©w`b P‡j88|

mxZvKzÊ DcK~‡j Lvwj RvqMvq wbwe©Pv‡i wkc‡eªwKs BqvW© M‡o DVvq grm¨ m¤ú‡`i Dci Gi weiƒc cÖfve c‡o‡Q| PÆMÖvg wek¦we`¨vj‡qi mvgyw`ªK weÁvb BbwówUDU †_‡K 2004 mv‡j M.M. Hossain & M. Islam, RvnvRfv½v Kg©Kv‡Êi Kvi‡Y PÆMÖv‡gi DcK‚jxq A‡j grm¨ cÖRvwZi Dci †bwZevPK cÖfve M‡elYv K‡ib| D³ M‡elYv Rwi‡c 1989 mv‡ji cÖvß Z‡_¨i mv‡_ Zzjbv K‡i ïaygvÎ SBN Rv‡j 21 iKg cÖRvwZi gv‡Qi eZ©gv‡b `y®cÖvc¨Zvi eY©bv w`‡q‡Qb| hw`I Zviv G e¨vcv‡i Av‡iv DcvË msMÖn I `xN©‡gqvw` M‡elYvi ZvwM` w`‡q‡Qb71 H| RvnvRfv½v Kg©Kv‡Êi djkÖ“wZ‡Z welv³ cv`‡_©i cÖfv‡e gv‡Qi bvm©vix MÖvDÛ wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ m›Øxc P¨v‡bj gv‡Qi †cvbv k~b¨ n‡q c‡o‡Q| m›Øxc P¨v‡bj ZxieZx© AÂj¸‡jvi AMfxi cvwbi gvQ Av‡¯— Av‡¯— K‡g hv‡”Q, d‡j G P¨v‡b‡j Av‡M †h cwigvY gvQ cvIqv †hZ GLb †m cwigvY gvQ cvIqv hvq bv|

mvgyw`ªK grm¨ Awa`ßi m~‡Î Rvbv hvq, eZ©gv‡b wkc BqvW© †_‡K 13 wK: wg: cwð‡g m›Øxc †e‡ë GK mgq Bwj‡ki cÖRbb †¶Î wQj| eZ©gv‡b cÖRbb †¶Î †bB e‡j mvgyw`ªK grm¨ Awa`߇ii cÖavb ˆeÁvwbK Kg©KZ©v Rvbvb| Gi KviYwn‡m‡e wZwb Rvbvb, ¯Œ¨vc RvnvR¸‡jv †_‡K wbtm„Z †Zj, gwiPv I wewfbœ ivmvqwbK c`v_© †Rvqvi fvUvi Uv‡b m›Øxc †e‡ë wM‡q c‡o| gv‡Qiv DMÖ MÜ mB‡Z cv‡i bv e‡j Avkªq¯’vb cwieZ©b K‡i Ab¨Î Avkªq Lyu‡R wb‡”Q|

2004 mv‡j ÔÔmvm‡UbGej g¨v‡bR‡g›U Ae †e Ae †e½uj; jvR© †gwib B‡Kv wm‡÷gÓ kxl©K GK M‡elYvq †`Lv †M‡Q mgy‡`ª BwZg‡a¨ `k cÖRvwZi gvQ RvnvRfv½v wk‡íi Kvi‡YB wejyß n‡q‡Q| †Kbbv wbM©Z `~lK¸‡jv gv‡Qi e„w× I cÖRbb RwUjZvi Rb¨ `vqx| g„Z RvnvR¸‡jv †_‡K wbM©Z µzW A‡q‡ji Zjvwb I welv³ avZzKbv mvM‡i wgk‡Q| cvkvcvwk wbM©Z †Zj mvM‡ii cvwbi Dc‡i †h Av¯—ib m„wó K‡i Zv †f` K‡i m~h©v‡jvK mvM‡ii Zj‡`‡k †cŠQv‡Z cv‡i bv| d‡j mgy‡`ªi Zj‡`‡k k¨vIjv RvZxq Dw™¢‡Ïi Av‡jvi Afv‡e mv‡jvK-ms‡k-lY evauvMÖ¯’ n‡”Q| k¨vIjv aŸsm nIqvi d‡j mgy‡`ª gv‡Qi Lv`¨ k„•Lj (Food chain) euvavMÖ¯’ n‡”Q| G cÖm‡½ mvgyw`ªK grm¨ Awa`ßi m~Î Rvbvq, GK mgq G A‡j gv‡Qi Lv`¨ c¨v¼Ub Drcv`b n‡Zv| wKš‘ cvwbi Dci †Z‡ji Av¯—iY covq m~h©v‡jvK cvwbi †fZ‡i cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z cv‡i bv, d‡jgv‡Qi Lv`¨ cøv¼UbI Drcvw`Z n‡Z cv‡i bv| ZvB Lv‡`¨i Afv‡e Ges mnbkxj Avevm¯’j bv _vKvq gvQ Zv‡`i emev‡mi ¯’vb cwieZ©b Ki‡Q|